XVIII Physics in
Three-Day Plenary Session Conference
Frascati, June 17-19,1998
Frascati Laboratories at a Glance
The Frascati National Laboratories (LNF) are the oldest
and largest of the INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) laboratories.
They traditionally pursue research and development activities
in the field of nuclear and particle physics with special emphasis on experiments
in accelerators and storage rings. In fact the first e+e- storage ring,
AdA (Anello di Accumulazione), was conceived and constructed in 1961 at
After the pioneering era of ADONE at the end of the 1960's,
which saw the birth of colliders and the observation of the first multihadronic
events, the LNF again played a pioneering role in the present era of high-luminosity
particle factories by constructing the first DAFNE, a double-annular e+e-
PHY-factory devoted to precision measurements.
With the three experiments KLOE, FINUDA and DEAR, planned
to exploit DAFNE collisions, the physics program of DAFNE covers an extremely
wide range of topics, from CP violation in the kaon sector to the study
of hypernuclei and kaonic-atom spectroscopy.
In a second phase DAFNE could also provide intense beams
of synchrotron light in the UV and soft X-ray regions, thus continuing
a long-standing tradition that began with ADONE.
The activities of the LNF also extend to other fields
of great interest: an ultracryogenic resonant antenna, Nautilus, is housed
inside the LNF and has been steadily taking data to search for gravitational
waves for more than a year, setting a record of operation for such a large
detector. The Frascati laboratories also give a solid contribution to a
lot of the on-going research carried out in leading laboratories all over
the world and perform advanced studies in the field of theoretical physics.
The DAFNE project is at a very advanced stage. On October
25 1997 the first beam was stored in the electron ring. Final commissioning
aims to put DAFNE into operation at the beginning of 1998.