Searching for Dark Photon at Frascati

The PADME experiment at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati of INFN aims to search for the "Dark Photon" using positron on target collision at the DAFNE Beam Test Facility.

 


The PADME Experiment

The long standing problem of reconciling the cosmological evidence of the existence of dark matter with the lack of any clear experimental observation of it, has recently revived the idea that the new particles are not directly connected with the Standard Model gauge fields, but only through mediator fields or “portals”, connecting our world with new “secluded” or “hidden” sectors. One of the simplest models just adds an additional U(1) symmetry, with its corresponding vector boson A'[1]. All SM particles will be neutral under this symmetry, while the new field will couple to the charged particles of the SM with an effective charge  ϵe, so that this new particle is often called “dark photon". Additional interest arises from the observation that A' in the mass range 1 MeV/ c 2 to 1 GeV/ c 2 and coupling  ϵ103, would justify the discrepancy between theory and observation for the muon anomalous magnetic moment, (g − 2)μ. This possibility has been recently disproved in the hypothesis that the A' decays to SM particles only, on the contrary if A' decays to dark sector particles, almost all of the available experimental constraints can be evaded and the dark photon is still a valuable explanation for the muon (g-2) anomaly. Due to the weak experimental signature, the search for invisibly decaying A' requires carefully designed dedicated experiment. At the end of 2015 INFN has formally approved a new experiment, PADME, to search for invisible decays of the A' at the DAFNE Linac in Frascati. The experiment is designed to detect dark photon produced in positron on fixed target annihilation ( e +e γ A ) decaying to dark matter by measuring the final state missing mass. The collaboration aims to complete the design and construction of the experiment by the end of 2017 and to collect  10^13 positron on target by the end of 2018, thus allowing to reach the  ϵ10^−3 sensitivity up to a dark photon mass of  26MeV/c^2

References:

[1] B. Holdom, Phys. Lett. B166, 196 (1986); P. Galison and A. Manohar, Phys. Lett. B 136, 279
(1984).

. : PADME News

1-2 March 2016 at LNF

PADME CollaborationMeeting

 

April 4-11 2016

PADME test beam at BTF LNF